Wednesday, November 17, 2010
Art nouveau is a style originated in the 1890’s, and true pieces of unavoidable art. It is a movement that is very organic with sinuous outlines of such objects as leaves, vines and flowers. It is characterized by flowing curvilinear forms and lines. It was very popular in Belgium because of Victor Horta. I have admired this Architect for many years, and studied Hotel Tassel and Hotel Solvay very closely. After the industrial revolution the discovery of steel as a construction material gave birth to the beautiful moving, flowing, and organic forms of a stair case, of a ceiling support, and of a column just to name a few. These necessary structures that had been done for many years in a straight simple way, or any a very adorned way, but made out of strong materials such as stone. In the 1890’s Art Nouveau introduces metal as an ornament, and a stair case, also as an ornament, brilliant. Massey, on page 32, describes these as flowing lines and curves as dramatic accents. Victor Horta also takes care of the wall treatments, and goes as far as to paint shadows on the walls in the form of creeping vines that represent movement. As we move to France, Hector Guimard, said “it is not the flower to take as a decorative element, but it is the stem.” As he designed the Paris Metro Station, in beautiful flowing forms.
I absolutely despise the Bauhause movement. I truly believe that the world would have been a better place without this movement. I am very glad that mistakes get corrected overtime, and that what was originally intended for bad usually gives way for something good, this is the case for modernism. I believe in ornament! Not because it has to have a purpose, but because its purpose is to simply adorn. I always say that little warm details are “like the earrings on a beautiful woman, does she need them? No, but they make her that much more beautiful! LeCorbusier was a brilliant man of his time. I did not appreciate his approach until I dug all into his business, and discovered his point of view. The home as a machine for living is a strong statement, but it is simply explained by him as a the function of every individual part working together as a whole. Vetruvious had also said in his book On Architecture, one of my favorite books, that every part relates to the whole. Which is the same concept only its two very different styles and time periods. Villa Savoy is a slow discovery, and embrace of new innovated materials, a celebration of the outdoors and privacy of the indoors, and a rather sterile space. Le Courbusier was bold and daring, and probably did not care two flips what people thought of him or his architecture, he just followed his heart and became a master of his own world.
I have rendered Casa del Fascio By Giuseppe Terragni. A conference room with very straight lines, black and white and cold from Massey p.87. I have applied warm materials such as hardwood floors and dark leather and combined them with sleek materials such as glass and steel. The light is beautifully depicted in the shadows under chairs and on chairs, but especially on the reflection of the glass table. The color panels in the back bring that punch of color and the texture unifies them into one cohesive space.